Daftar 890 situs Seluruh Dunia yang Diakui UNESCO

borobudur Daftar Warisan Dunia Organisasi Pendidikan, Ilmu Pengetahuan, dan Kebudayaan Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa bertambah panjang dengan masuknya 2 warisan alam dunia dan 11 situs warisan budaya dunia. Dengan demikian, total terdapat 890 situs warisan dunia yang tersebar di 148 negara.

Adapun satu situs keluar dari daftar, yakni Dresden Elbe Valley di Jerman. Situs tersebut dipindahkan dari daftar warisan budaya dunia lantaran terdapat pembangunan baru di situs itu.

Situs-situs yang ditambahkan ke dalam daftar warisan dunia tersebut, adalah dua warisan alam, yakni Laut Wadden (Jerman) dan Pegunungan Dolomites (Italia). Adapun 11 warisan budaya ialah Rumah Stoclet (Belgia), Runtuhan Loropeni (Burkina Faso), Pusat Kota Bersejarah Cidade Velha (Cape Verde), Gunung Suci Wutai (China), Sistem Hidrolik Bersejarah Shushtar (Iran), Pegunungan Suci Sulamain (Kirgistan), Kota Suci Caral-Supe (Peru), Makam Kerajaan Dinasti Joseon (Korea), Menara Hercules (Spanyol), La Chaux-de-Fond (Switzerland), serta Akuaduk dan Kanal Pontcysyllte (Inggris).

Di Indonesia terdapat tujuh situs yang sudah masuk daftar tersebut, yaitu Borobudur, Taman Nasional Komodo, Taman Nasional Lorentz, Candi Prambanan, Sangiran, hutan tropis Sumatera, dan Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon. Tahun ini tidak ada tambahan situs dari Indonesia.

Penambahan situs-situs tersebut diputuskan dalam pertemuan Komite World Heritage Ke-33 yang dipimpin oleh Maria Jesus San Segundo, Ambassador and Permanent Delegates of Spain untuk UNESCO. Sidang komite itu selesai akhir Juni lalu.

Dengan masuk daftar sebagai warisan budaya dan alam dunia, masyarakat internasional ikut membantu pelestarian situs itu. Terdapat pula kemungkinan mendapatkan bantuan biaya perawatan rutin. Penetapan tersebut juga mengangkat citra dan promosi pariwisata secara internasional. Penetapan sebagai warisan dunia memiliki kriteria tertentu, antara lain terkait isi, makna, proses, dampak, dan segi keindahan situs yang akan dijadikan warisan dunia.

Berikut ini daftar 890 situs di seluruh dunia yang dicatat UNESCO

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chile
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Estonia
Ethiopia
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Guinea
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of
Korea, Republic of
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Moldova, Republic of
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tanzania, United Republic of
Thailand
the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Togo
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Notes
  1. Extension of the "Australian East Coast Temperate and Subtropical Rainforest Park".

    name changed 2007 from ‘Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves (Australia)’

  2. Renomination of "Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park" under cultural criteria.
  3. The “Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia” which were previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, are part of the transnational property “The Belfries of Belgium and France”.
  4. Extension of "Jaú National Park".
  5. Extension of the "Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St Elias/Kluane" property.
  6. The "Burgess Shale" property, which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the "Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks".
  7. Extension of "The Potala Palace and the Jokhang Temple Monastery, Lhasa" to include the Norbulingka area.
  8. The “Belfries of Flanders and Wallonia” which were previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, are part of the transnational property “The Belfries of Belgium and France”.
  9. The "Chateau and Estate of Chambord", which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the "Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes".
  10. The “Hadrian’s Wall” which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the transnational property “Frontiers of the Roman Empire”.

  11. At the time the property was extended, cultural criterion (iv) was also found applicable.
  12. The "Brihadisvara Temple, Tanjavur", which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the "Great Living Chola Temples".
  13. At the time the property was extended, cultural criterion (iv) was also found applicable.
  14. At the time the property was extended, criteria (iii) and (v) were also found applicable.
  15. The Committee decided to extend the existing cultural property, the "Temple of Ggantija", to include the five prehistoric temples situated on the islands of Malta and Gozo and to rename the property as "The Megalithic Temples of Malta".
  16. The Westland and Mount Cook National Park and the Fiordland National Park, which were previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, are part of the "Te Wahipounamu – South West New Zealand".
  17. The "Convent Ensemble of San Francisco de Lima", which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the "Historic Centre of Lima".
  18. Extension of "Biertan and its Fortified Church".
  19. At the time the property was extended, natural criterion (iv) was also found applicable.
  20. Extension of the "Alhambra and the Generalife, Granada", to include the Albayzin quarter.
  21. Extension of the "Mosque of Cordoba".
  22. The property “Parque Güell, Palacio Güell and Casa Mila in Barcelona”, previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the “Works of Antoni Gaudí”.
  23. Extension of the "Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias", to include monuments in the city of Oviedo.
  24. Extension of the "Mudejar Architecture of Teruel".
  25. In 1979, the Committee decided to inscribe the Ohrid Lake on the World Heritage List under natural criteria (iii). In 1980, this property was extended to include the cultural and historical area, and cultural criteria (i)(iii)(iv) were added.
  26. The “Hadrian’s Wall” which was previously inscribed on the World Heritage List, is part of the transnational property “Frontiers of the Roman Empire”.

  27. Extension of "Gough Island Wildlife Reserve".
  28. Extension of the "Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St Elias/Kluane" property.

*: transboundary property
#: As for 19 Natural and Mixed Properties inscribed for geological values before 1994, criteria numbering of this property has changed. See Decision 30.COM 8D.1

Legend

Category of site
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site

Site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site

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